Newly-arrived refugee students come from various education backgrounds with different profiles and different cultural expectations of schooling. Upon arrival they must quickly adapt to a new school system and education culture which may challenge their expectations. They require specific guidance in order to help them settle in to post-primary school, and furthermore advice on school programmes and subject choices, and progression opportunities available to them. This article explores the various issues which affect Separated Children when they move into an Irish post-primary school and the strategies that schools can employ to help students overcome these barriers. Among them school induction, a buddy system and promotion of first language to assist in the learning process.